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Mind and Brain
A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience
William R. Uttal

 

 

Publisher: MIT Press
Pub Date: October 2011
Cloth: xxviii + 497, 24 figures, 11 tables
ISBN-10: 0-262-01596-X
ISBN-13: 978-0-262-01596-7
Book Dimensions: 9 × 7 inches
List Price: $55.00 / £37.95 / Amazon Price: $44.07

 

Table of Contents and Sample Chapters
http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?ttype=2&tid=12667&mode=toc

 

Cognitive neuroscience explores the relationship between our minds and our brains, most recently by drawing on brain imaging techniques to align neural mechanisms with psychological processes. In Mind and Brain, William Uttal offers a critical review of cognitive neuroscience, examining both its history and modern developments in the field. He pays particular attention to the role of brain imaging ― especially functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) ― in studying the mind-brain relationship. He argues that, despite the explosive growth of this new mode of research, there has been more hyperbole than critical analysis of what experimental outcomes really mean. With Mind and Brain, Uttal attempts a synoptic synthesis of this substantial body of scientific literature.

 

After an introductory discussion, he turns to his main theme: what neuroscience and psychology have contributed to each other. He considers specific empirical findings in such fields as sensation, perception, emotion and affect, learning and memory, and consciousness. For each field, he considers psychological and behavioral concerns that can help guide the neuroscienctific discussion; work done before the advent of imaging systems; and what brain imaging has brought to recent research. Cognitive neuroscience, Uttal argues, is truly both cognitive and neuroscientific. Both approaches are necessary and neither is sufficient to make sense of the greatest scientific issue of all: how the brain makes the mind.

 

About the Author

 

William R. Uttal is Professor Emeritus (Engineering) at Arizona State University and Professor Emeritus (Psychology) at the University of Michigan. He is the author of many books, including The New Phrenology: On the Localization of Cognitive Processes in the Brain (MIT Press, 2001) and Distributed Neural Systems: Beyond the New Phrenology.

 

Endorsements
Mind and Brain presents the reader with a remarkably complete and clear understanding of cognitive neuroscience as a field. With the inclusion of topic-specific philosophy, history, and research, the chapters serve a particularly effective foundation function for those planning neuroscience research or preparing grant projects and/or research reports. This book should be required reading for both research neuroscientists and instructors whose goal is to provide the clearest and most current understanding of the neuro-, cognitive, and behavioral sciences. It is exceptional.”
Steven Schandler, Professor of Psychology and Director, Addiction Research and Cognitive Psychophysiology Laboratories, Chapman University
 
 
SOURCE:
http://mitpress.mit.edu/catalog/item/default.asp?ttype=2&tid=12667

 

2012. 03. 13. 화요일. 낮 3시 30분. 맑음. 포근한 봄날씨다.

지금까지 인지과학, 뇌과학, 마음철학(심리철학), 형이상학, 교양과학, 인문학 관련 원서들을 다수 입수해 놓았다. 다만, 그 원서들에 해당하는 한국어 번역판은 10여권밖에 입수하지 못했다. 앞으로 여름까지 해당하는 수십 여권의 번역본들을 모두 입수한 다음, 원서와 번역서들을 비교해 번역 비판(비평)을 치밀하게 진행할 계획이다(서점에 가서 대충 살펴본 것만으로도 번역판들에 얼마나 많은 문제점이 있는지 알 수 있었다). 오랜 기간 원서들을 마련하느라 매우 힘들었다. 번역판들 또한 늦어도 올 여름까지는 모두 입수해야 할 것이다. 잘 될지 모르겠다. 워낙에 일거리가 없기 때문이다. 물가도 올랐고, 돈 나갈 데는 많고, 방세 걱정도 해야 된다. 아무튼 일 많이 나가서 열심히 일해 드리고 많이 많이 벌어와야겠다. 화이팅 !!! ^^

 

“화이팅(Hwighting, Fighting)”은 이제 거의 우리말로 굳어진 단어라고 할 수 있다. 나는 이수열 선생님과 안정효 선생님의 관련 비판을 기본적으로는 인정하고 존중한다. “아자 아자”로 쓰자는 백기완 선생님의 말씀도 전적으로 지지한다. 하지만 이제 “화이팅”은 영어도 아니고 콩글리쉬도 아니고, 어엿한 우리말이라고 주장하고 싶다. “화이팅”은 우리 한국인들이 만든 단어고, 한국적인 독특한 의미가 스며들어간 “화이팅” 넘치는 단어다. “화이팅”은 이미 한국을 넘어서서 유명한 세계적인 단어가 됐다. 웬만한 한류 팬들 혹은 케이팝(K-Pop) 팬들은 “화이팅”이 무엇을 의미하는지 잘 알고 있으며, 한국 · 한국 팀 · 한국 아이돌들을 응원하거나 지지할 때 모두 “화이팅”이라고 외친다. 우리가 만들고 우리가 의미를 부여한 그  “화이팅”을 세계인들이 외치고 있는 것이다. 나는 이제 “화이팅”을 내 국어사전에 어엿한 우리말의 하나로 올린다. 누가 뭐래도 “화이팅”은 우리말이다.

 


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좋아요
북마크하기찜하기 thankstoThanksTo
 
 
마일즈 2012-03-19 23:46   좋아요 0 | 댓글달기 | URL
퀄리아님 새글에 무척 반가웠습니다. 서양 학자들 기하학같은 논증을 좋아라 하고 읽고 감상하는 독자인데요, 마음의 철학 분야는 퀄리아님 글이 거의 유일한 안내자였기 때문입니다. 길버트 라일, 스티븐 핑커의 유명한 책들은 큰 지도 없이 읽기에는, 반짝반짝하는 저자의 영민함을 그 페이지에서 발견하는 것말고는 별로 건져지지 않았는데, 그때 마음의 철학을 소개하는 퀄리아님 글을 보고 입문할 수 있었습니다. 김재권, 존 셜, 처치랜드의 개괄서를 보니 마음에 관한 저자들의 주장을 어떻게 접근할 수 있을지 위안과 도움이 되었습니다. 많은 활동을 바라고 어떤 글을 볼 수 있을지 기대됩니다.

qualia 2012-03-20 23:40   좋아요 0 | URL
마일즈 님, 반갑습니다. 마음과 의식에 관심이 많으신 분을 또 한 분 알게 돼 기쁩니다. 앞으로 마음과 의식에 관한 좋은 의견 기대합니다.

미국 브라운 대학교 철학과에 계시는 김재권 교수님은 마음철학(심리철학)계의 최고 권위자 가운데 한 분이시죠. 심리철학의 핵심적 논제 · 열쇳말(키워드) 가운데 하나인 수반(supervenience) 개념을 정초짓고 발전시켜나가는 데 가장 큰 공헌을 하신 분이시죠. 그리고 수반 개념과 동전의 양면처럼 뗄 수 없는 관계를 지닌 개념이 바로 창발(emergence) 개념인데요. 창발 개념 또한 김재권 교수님께서 1990년대쯤에 주도적으로 되살려 내셨고 가장 영향력 있는 철학적 정의를 새로이 제시하셨습니다.

즉 1800년대 말기에서 1900년대 초기에 서양 과학계와 철학계에서 생기론(vitalism)과 함께 창발 개념이 인간의 마음 · 의식 · 정신 · 영혼을 설명하고 해명해줄 유력한 후보로 등장했다가, 당시 자연과학의 폭발적 성장과 함께 거의 폐기되다시피 했었는데요. 김재권 교수님께서는 1992년, 1999년, 2006년 등 일련의 논문에서 비환원적 물리주의(non-reductive materialism/physicalism)를 논박하실 때, 창발론(emergentism)과 비환원적 물리주의가 서로 유사한 측면이 있다는 사실을 간파하고, 창발론에서 발생하는 난점(심성 인과, 하향 인과, 중층 결정과 관련된)이 비환원적 물리주의에도 똑같이 발생한다고 설득력 강한 논증을 제시하십니다. 즉 창발론 혹은 창발 개념에서 발생하는 난점을 비판적 · 부정적으로 거론하셨던 건데요. 김재권 교수님의 그런 일련의 비판은 세계 심리철학계에 창발 개념을 다시 부활시키는 기폭제가 됩니다. 때마침 과학계에서도 복잡성(complexity) 과학, 프랙탈(fractal) 이론, 혼돈(chaos) 이론, 시스템 과학(systems science) 등등에서 창발이 핵심적 키워드로 등장하고 있었죠. 그 뒤로 21세기 초인 지금, 창발론과 창발 개념은 제2의 전성기를 맞이하고 있다고 해도 과언이 아닙니다. 요즘 창발을 주제로 한 과학자와 철학자들의 저서와 편집서, 그리고 철학 학술지들의 창발 특집호들이 봇물처럼 쏟아져나오고 있답니다. 저는 창발론과 그 개념에 많은 관심이 있습니다. 제 나름대로 판단컨대, 창발 개념이 미래의 마음철학과 마음 과학에서 커다란 역할을 하리라고 봅니다.

◎ 참고 논문

▷ Kim, Jaegwon (1992). ‘Downward Causation’ in Emergentism and Nonreductive Physicalism. In Ansgar Beckermann, Hans Flohr, & Jaegwon Kim (eds.) (1992). Emergence or Reduction?: Essays on the Prospects of Nonreductive Physicalism. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 119-138.

▷ Kim, Jaegwon (1999). Making Sense of Emergence. Philosophical Studies, 95(1-2): 3-36.

▷ Kim, Jaegwon (2006). Being Realistic about Emergence. In Philip Clayton & Paul C. W. Davies (eds.) (2006). The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 189-202.

▷ Kim, Jaegwon (2006). Emergence: Core Ideas and Issues. Synthese, 151(3): 347-354.

폴 처칠랜드(Paul M. Churchland) 교수님께서도 최근 연달아 새 저서를 내놓으시면서 심리철학계를 주도하고 계시죠. 2007년 케임브리지 대학교 출판부에서 『Neurophilosophy at Work』, 그리고 2012년 매사추세츠 공과대학교 출판부에서 『Plato's Camera: How the Physical Brain Captures a Landscape of Abstract Universals』를 출간했습니다. 신경의미론(Neurosemantics)을 주도적으로 설파하시고 계시던데요. 원서를 입수해야겠습니다.

▷ Churchland, Paul M. (2007). Neurophilosophy at Work. New York: Cambridge University Press. [xii + 249 pages, List Price: $102.00, Amazon Price: $94.23, Kindle Edition: $15.80]

▷ Churchland, Paul M. (2012). Plato’s Camera: How the Physical Brain Captures a Landscape of Abstract Universals. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [xii + 302 pages, 12 color illus., 19 b&w illus., 15 line drawings, List Price: $35.00 / £24.95 / Amazon Price: $28.63 / Kindle Edition: $21.25]

마일즈 님, 댓글 주셔서 정말 고맙습니다. 앞으로 마음, 의식, 창발 등등에 관해서 좋은 글을 쓸 수 있다면 좋겠습니다. 한 서너 해 전에 진중권 선생이 한 인터뷰 기사에서 마음과 의식에 관한 (심리철학적, 인지과학적, 뇌과학적 이론을 아우르는) 야심찬 저서를 써내는 것이 가장 큰 목표의 하나라고 얘기하는 것을 듣고 놀랐던 적이 있습니다. 저는 진중권 선생이 《씨네 21》에 기고한 영화 《매트릭스 The Matrix》와 관련된 흥미로운 글들을 읽고, 그분이 제시하는 마음철학/심리철학적 사유에 꽤 인상이 깊었었더랬죠. 그러면서 좀더 마음과 의식을 심층적으로 파고드는 본격적인 저작을 은근히 기대해볼 수 있겠다 싶었는데, 진중권 선생이 직접 신문 인터뷰 기사에서 그런 저작을 써내는 것이 자신의 가장 큰 꿈의 하나라고 밝혀서 크게 놀랐던 것입니다. 진중권 선생의 마음철학 책이 언제 나올지 정말 기대됩니다.

답글을 저녁 6~7시쯤부터 작성하다가 컴퓨터가 작동 중지되는 바람에 한 4시간 정도를 날려버렸습니다. 컴퓨터를 너무 혹사해서 그런지, 요즘 느닷없이 먹통이 되는 때가 너무 잦아 애를 먹고 있습니다. 아무튼 마일즈 님, 댓글 주셔서 감사합니다.

[2012. 03. 20. 화요일. 밤 11시 07분. 맑음.]

소나기 2012-04-09 15:36   좋아요 0 | 댓글달기 | 수정 | 삭제 | URL
안녕하세요 ㅋ 프랑스 포장마차 글에 대한 댓글로
전문적인 댓글을 달아주신 것 같아서
관심이 생겨서 놀러왔어요 ㅋㅋ

논문 많이 쓰시고 계신가보네요~!!

qualia 2012-04-09 16:28   좋아요 0 | URL
소나기 님, 반갑습니다. 댓글 남겨주셔서 고맙습니다.

네, 파리아줌마(http://blog.daum.net/parismadame) 님 블로그는 제가 자주 방문해서 많은 댓글을 올리는 곳이에요. 오늘도 찾아가봤더니 파리아줌마 님의 「한국 포장마차 주제로 논문 쓰는 프랑스 여대생을 만나다」라는 흥미로운 글이 올라와 있더군요. 그래서 그 글을 읽고 제가 일상 경험을 바탕으로 생각나는 대로 몇 가지 도움말을 써서 올렸던 것이랍니다. 프랑스아줌마 님께서 그 프랑스 여대생에게 전해주실지 모르니까요.

아무튼 이렇게 찾아주셔서 거듭 감사합니다.

하늘은 맑음 2012-05-07 09:48   좋아요 0 | 댓글달기 | 수정 | 삭제 | URL
안녕하세요! 저는 이제 막 인지과학에 입문하고자하는 대학생입니다!
소비자행동론을 공부하면서 인지과학에 관심이 생겨서 책을 읽어보고자 하는데요.
국내에서 발간된 책보다 원서로 읽어보고 싶은데 전문영어도 많고 어려워 오히려 싫증을 낼까봐 걱정이 됩니다. 지금 소비자행동론은 원서로 읽고 있고, 충분히 이해가능한데
인지과학의 경우에는 어떨지..
국내책과 해외책 중 뭐가 더 나을지도 잘 모르겠습니다! 조언 부탁드립니다!
그리고 둘 다 상관없이 혹시 인지과학 입문자에게 추천해주실만한 책이 있는지요^^?

qualia 2012-05-07 23:45   좋아요 0 | URL
“하늘은 맑음” 님, 반갑습니다. 제가 공사판 일을 뛰는 관계로 맑음 님의 댓글을 이제서야 봤네요(밤 10시 25분쯤). 솔직히 말씀드리자면 저 또한 공부하는 처지라 다른 분들께 좋은 책을 선별해 추천할 만한 내공은 그닥 없다고 할 수 있습니다. 하지만, 제 나름대로 간략하게 답글 드리겠습니다.

먼저 제가 일전에 써올린 「마음 · 뇌 · 몸을 탐구하는 책들 ― 로우버지트(lowbudget) 님께」라는 글을 참고하시기 바랍니다. 국내서와 해외서 모두 간략하게 언급하고 있습니다.

⇒ http://blog.aladin.co.kr/qualia/3195236

국내서는 우선 이정모 교수님의 인지과학 관련 저서를 보시기 바랍니다. 이정모 교수님은 우리나라 인지과학의 개척자이자 대부라고 할 수 있는 분이십니다. 이분의 블로그와 누리집(http://cogpsy.skku.ac.kr)에 찾아가 〈학술자료실〉 게시판에 들어가서 인지과학 관련 검색을 하면 원하시는 자료와 정보를 엄청나게 입수하실 수 있을 것입니다.

해외서는 폴 새가드(Paul Thagard) 교수님의 『Mind: Introduction to Cognitive Science』를 참고해보시기 바랍니다. 아마존이나 구글 북스에서 맛보기 내용을 미리 읽어보시고 판단하는 것도 좋을 것입니다. 폴 새가드 교수님은 《스탠퍼드 철학백과사전 Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy》의 〈인지과학 Cognitive Science〉 항목의 책임 집필자이십니다. 《스탠퍼드 철학백과사전》에 찾아가셔서 인지과학 항목을 읽어보시기 바랍니다. A4 용지로 16쪽 정도의 인지과학 소갯글입니다. 인지과학에 관한 개념적 조감도를 얻으실 수 있을 것입니다.

▷ Thagard, Paul (2005). Mind: Introduction to Cognitive Science, 2nd Edition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

⇒ http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/cognitive-science

그리고 호세 루이스 버뮤데스 교수님의 『Cognitive Science: An Introduction to the Science of the Mind』도 참고하시기 바랍니다. 저도 맛보기만 대충 훑어보았는데요. 최상의 인지과학 입문서 가운데 하나라는 느낌이 드는 책입니다.

▷ Bermúdez, José Luis (2010). Cognitive Science: An Introduction to the Science of the Mind. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

그리고 여유가 있으시다면 다음 책들도 참고하시기 바랍니다. 필진이 전세계 인지과학계의 최고 전문가/학자들이고요. 모두 최상급 입문서/개설서들입니다.

▷ Calvo, Paco and Toni Gomila (eds.) (2008). Handbook of Cognitive Science: An Embodied Approach. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

▷ Frankish, Keith & William Ramsey (eds.) (forthcoming in July 2012). The Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive Science. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

▷ Margolis, Eric, Richard Samuels, & Stephen P. Stich (eds.) (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

▷ Thagard, Paul (ed.) (2007). Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: North-Holland.

▷ Wilson, Robert A. & Frank C. Keil (eds.) (1999). The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


이상 제 나름대로 간략히 말씀드렸는데요. 도움이 될지 모르겠네요. 아무튼 제 누리집에 찾아오시고 댓글까지 주셔서 감사합니다.

(2012. 05. 07. 월. 23:45. 맑음)
 
 전출처 : 이네파벨님의 "영화 아바타"

이네파벨 님, 더글러스 호프스태터(Douglas R. Hofstadter)의 신작 저서가 내년 05월달에 출간된다는군요. 제목은 『The Essence of Thought』(Basic Books, May 2010)이고요. 프랑스 파리 대학교 인지과학자이자 심리학자인 에마뉘엘 상데르(Emmanuel Sander) 교수와 공저라고 합니다. 아마존 서지사항에 무려 512쪽이나 된다고 나와 있구요.

 

소개에 따르면, 이번 신작 저서는 유추(analogy)가 생각/사유활동(thinking)에 핵심적 역할을 한다고 보고, 이 유추라는 개념에 기반해서 마음의 작동 원리를 파헤치는 책이라는군요. 말하자면 스티븐 핑커의 『마음은 어떻게 작동하는가』(How The Mind Works)의 더글러스 호프스태터 판본쯤 되겠죠, 아마...

호프스태터가 최근작 『I Am a Stange Loop』에서는 그다지 호평을 못 받았는데요. 과연 『The Essence of Thought』에서 명예 회복(?)할 수 있을지 기대됩니다. 그리고 이네파벨 님, 한번 『The Essence of Thought』 번역 · 출간해보시는 것은 어떠신지요?

아마존에는 얼추 한 달 전에 서지 사항이 떴는데, 정작 베이식 북스(Basic Books) 홈페이지에는 책 소개가 아직 뜨지 않았더군요. 대신에 피디에프(pdf) 문서로 된 책 소개가 있더군요. 아래 주소를 참고하시기 바랍니다.

SOURCE: http://basicbooks.com/documents/rights/PBGRightsGuide.pdf (3쪽)

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Current and Future Reading List on Mind and Consciousness
or Mission Impossible





▷ Aydede, Murat (ed.) (2006). Pain: New Essays on Its Nature and the Methodology of Its Study. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [441 pages]



▷ Baars, Bernard J., William P. Banks and James B. Newman (eds.) (2003). Essential Sources in the Scientific Study of Consciousness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [1,206 pages]




▷ Bayne, Tim, Axel Cleeremans, and Patrick Wilken (eds.) (June 2009). The Oxford Companion to Consciousness. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [688 pages]




▷ Beebee, Helen, Christopher Hitchcock and Peter Menzies (eds.) (November 2009). The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [806 pages]




▷ Ben-Menahem, Yemima (ed.) (2005). Hilary Putnam, (Contemporary Philosophy in Focus). New York: Cambridge University Press. [284 pages]




▷ Bennett, Maxwell, Daniel Dennett, Peter Hacker, and John Searle (May 2007). Neuroscience and Philosophy: Brain, Mind, and Language. New York: Columbia University Press. [232 pages]




▷ Bickle, John (ed.) (June 2009). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [656 pages]




▷ Boi, Luciano, Pierre Kerszberg, and Frédéric Patras (eds.) (2007). Rediscovering Phenomenology: Phenomenological Essays on Mathematical Beings, Physical Reality, Perception and Consciousness, (Phaenomenologica, Vol. 182).  Dordrecht: Springer. [VI + 402 pages]




▷ Bulkeley, Kelly (ed.) (November 2005). Soul, Psyche, Brain: New Directions in the Study of Religion and Brain-Mind Science. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. [x + 278 pages]




▷ Bulkeley, Kelly (July 2008). Dreaming in the World's Religions: A Comparative History. New York and London: New York University Press. [352 pages]




▷ Buzsáki, György (2006). Rhythms of the Brain. New York: Oxford University Press. [464 pages]




▷ Carman, Taylor and Mark B. N. Hansen (eds.) (2005). The Cambridge Companion to Merleau-Ponty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [406 pages]




▷ Carroll, Joseph (2004). Literary Darwinism: Evolution, Human Nature, and Literature. London and New York: Routledge. [xxvi + 282 pages]




▷ Carsetti, Arturo (ed.) (2004). Seeing, Thinking and Knowing: Meaning and Self-Organisation in Visual Cognition and Thought. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. [360 pages]




▷ Churchland, Patricia Smith (April 1986). Neurophilosophy: Toward a Unified Science of the Mind/Brain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [560 pages]




▷ Churchland, Paul M. (1995). The Engine of Reason, The Seat of the Soul: A Philosophical Journey into the Brain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [343 pages]




▷ Clark, Andy (Oct. 2008). Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension. Oxford and New York, Oxford University Press. [316 pages]




▷ Cohen, Henri and Claire Lefebvre (eds.) (2005). Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science. Amsterdam: Elsevier. [1,136 pages]




▷ Crane, Mary Thomas (Dec. 2000). Shakespeare's Brain: Reading with Cognitive Theory. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. [288 pages]




▷ Crane, Tim (April 2003). The Mechanical Mind: A Philosophical Introduction to Minds, Machines and Mental Representation, 2nd Edition. London and New York: Routledge. [272 pages]




▷ Damasio, Antonio (2003). Looking for Spinoza: Joy, Sorrow, and the Feeling Brain. Orlando, Florida: Harcourt. [368 pages]




▷ Decety, Jean and William Ickes (eds.) (2009). The Social Neuroscience of Empathy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [ix + 255 pages]




▷ Dennett, Daniel C. (1991). Consciousness Explained. New York: Little, Brown and Company. [xiv + 511 pages]




▷ Drescher, Gary L. (May 2006). Good and Real: Demystifying Paradoxes from Physics to Ethics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [xvi + 347 pages]




▷ Dretske, Fred (1995). Naturalizing the Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [222 pages]




▷ Dreyfus, Hubert L. and Mark A. Wrathall (eds.) (2006). A Companion to Phenomenology and Existentialism, (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. [624 pages]




▷ Fagot-Largeault, Anne, Shahid Rahman and Juan Manuel Torres (eds.) (2007). The Influence of Genetics on Contemporary Thinking, (Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science , Vol. 6). Dordrecht: Springer. [LVI + 216 pages]




▷ Fauconnier, Gilles and Mark Turner (2002). The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books. [464 pages] 




▷ Feldman, Jerome A. (2006). From Molecule to Metaphor: A Neural Theory of Language. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [xx + 357 pages]




▷ Fischer, John Martin, Robert Kane, Derk Pereboom, and Manuel Vargas (2007). Four Views on Free Will, (Great Debates in Philosophy Series). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing / Wiley-Blackwell. [240 pages]




▷ Floridi, Luciano (ed.) (2004). The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing / Wiley-Blackwell. [392 pages]




▷ Fodor, Jerry A. (June 1990). A Theory of Content and Other Essays. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [282 pages]




▷ Gallagher, Shaun and Dan Zahavi (Nov. 2007). The Phenomenological Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science. London: Routledge. [256 pages]




▷ Garrett, Don (ed.) (1995). The Cambridge companion to Spinoza. New York: Cambridge University Press. [479 pages]




▷ Goldie, Peter (ed.) (December 2009). The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [736 pages]




▷ Heinämaa, Sara and Martina Reuter (eds.) (2008). Psychology and Philosophy: Inquiries into the Soul from Late Scholasticism to Contemporary Thought, (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind, Vol. 8). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. [XVIII + 336 pages]




▷ Heinämaa, Sara, Vili Lähteenmäki and Pauliina Remes (eds.) (2007). Consciousness: From Perception to Reflection in the History of Philosophy, (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind, Vol. 4). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. [XII + 366 pages]




▷ Holyoak, Keith J. and Robert G. Morrison (eds.) (2005). The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. New York: Cambridge University Press. [xiv + 858 pages]




▷ James, William (August 1890). The Principles of Psychology, Volume I. London: MacMillan and Co., Ltd. [Volume I: 712 pages]




▷ James, William (August 1890). The Principles of Psychology, Volume II. London: MacMillan and Co., Ltd. [Volume II: 720 pages]




▷ Juslin, Patrik N. and John Sloboda (eds.) (December 2009). Handbook of Music and Emotion. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [992 pages]




▷ Kövecses, Zoltán (2005). Metaphor in Culture: Universality and Variation. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press. [332 pages]




▷ Kuipers, Theo A. F. (ed.) (2007). General Philosophy of Science: Focal Issues. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: North-Holland. [708 pages]




▷ Levy, Neil (2007). Neuroethics: Challenges for the 21st Century. Cambridge, UK and New York. Cambridge University Press. [364 pages]




▷ Llinás, Rodolfo R. (April 2001). I of the Vortex: From Neurons to Self. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [xii + 302 pages]




▷ Lowe, E. Jonathan (Jan. 2000). An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind, (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. [332 pages]

 




▷ Ludlow, Peter, Yujin Nagasawa and Daniel Stoljar (eds.) (2004). There's Something About Mary: Essays on Phenomenal Consciousness and Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [483 pages]





▷ Lycan, William G. (September 1987). Consciousness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [181 pages]




▷ MacIntyre, Alasdair Chalmers (Dec. 2004). The Unconscious: A Conceptual Analysis, 2nd Edition. London and New York: Routledge. [128 pages]




▷ Mainzer, Klaus (2007). Thinking in Complexity: The Computational Dynamics of Matter, Mind, and Mankind, (5th Revised and Enlarged Edition). Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer. [XVIII + 482 pages]




▷ Marsh, Michael N. (January 2010). Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality? Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [336 pages]




▷ Martin, Raymond and John Barresi (2006). The Rise and Fall of Soul and Self: An Intellectual History of Personal Identity. New York: Columbia University Press. [400 pages]




▷ McCabe, Linda L. and Edward R. B. McCabe (2008). DNA: Promise and Peril. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press. [356 pages]




▷ McDermott, Drew V. (2001). Mind and Mechanism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [278 pages]




▷ Merleau-Ponty, Maurice / Translated by Colin Smith (1945 / 2002). Phenomenology of Perception: An Introduction, 2nd Edition. London and New York: Routledge. [576 pages]




▷ Mills, Jon (ed.) (2004). Psychoanalysis at the Limit: Epistemology, Mind, and the Question of Science. Albany: State University of New York Press. [203 pages]




▷ Mills, Jon (ed.) (2004). Rereading Freud: Psychoanalysis through Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press. [xviii + 224 pages]




▷ Moran, Dermot (Dec. 1999). Introduction to Phenomenology. London and New York: Routledge. [592 pages]




▷ Moran, Dermot (Dec. 2009). Introduction to Phenomenology, (2nd Revised Edition). London and New York: Routledge.




▷ Moss, Lenny (2004). What genes can't do. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [250 pages]




▷ Newell-McGloughlin, Martina and Edward Brian Re (2007). The Evolution of Biotechnology: From Natufians to Nanotechnology. Dordrecht: Springer. [XIV + 262 pages]




▷ O'Connor, Timothy and David Robb (eds.) (2003). Philosophy of Mind: Contemporary Readings. London and New York: Routledge. [xii +596 pages]




▷ Pereboom, Derk (2001). Living Without Free Will. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [256 pages]





▷ Pessin, Andrew and Sanford Goldberg (eds.) (1996). The Twin Earth Chronicles: Twenty Years of Reflection on Hilary Putnam's "The Meaning of 'Meaning'". Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe. [xxii +410 pages]





▷ Port, Robert F. and Tim van Gelder (eds.) (1995). Mind as Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [602 pages]





▷ Preston, John and Mark Bishop (eds.) (2002). Views into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [428 pages]





▷ Putnam, Hilary (1988). Representation and Reality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [154 pages]




▷ Pyysiäinen, Ilkka (2009). Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas. New York: Oxford University Press. [304 pages]




▷ Reilly, Philip R. (2000). Abraham Lincoln's DNA and Other Adventures in Genetics. Cold Spring Harbor, New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. [xx + 339 pages]




▷ Rosenberg, Alex and Daniel W. McShea (2008). Philosophy of Biology: A Contemporary Introduction. New York: Routledge. [256 pages]




▷ Ross, Don, Andrew Brook and David Thompson (eds.) (October 2000). Dennett's Philosophy: A Comprehensive Assessment. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. [406 pages]




▷ Sander, David and Klaus Scherer (eds.) (July 2009). The Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [512 pages]




▷ Sanders, Steven M. (ed.) (December 2007). The Philosophy of Science Fiction Film, (The Philosophy of Popular Culture). Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. [240 pages]




▷ Schmidt, Robert F. and William D. Willis (eds.) (2007). Encyclopedia of Pain. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer. [LVIII + 2746 pages]




▷ Scott, Alwyn (ed.) (2004). Encyclopedia of Nonlinear Science. London and New York: Routledge. [1,104 pages]




▷ Seager, William (March 1999). Theories of Consciousness: An Introduction. London and New York: Routledge. [320 pages]




▷ Smith, Barry and David Woodruff Smith (eds.) (1995). The Cambridge Companion to Husserl. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [532 pages]




▷ Smith, David Woodruff (2006). Husserl. London and New York: Routledge. [xiv + 468 pages]




▷ Smith, David Woodruff and Amie L. Thomasson (eds.) (November 2005). Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [336 pages]




▷ Stets, Jan E. and Jonathan H. Turner (eds.) (2006). Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions. New York: Springer. [XIII + 657 pages]




▷ Thagard, Paul (September 2006). Hot Thought: Mechanisms and Applications of Emotional Cognition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [xii + 301 pages]




▷ Thagard, Paul (ed.) (Jan. 2007). Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science, (A Volume of the Handbook of the Philosophy of Science Series). Amsterdam: North-Holland / Elsevier. [522 pages]




▷ Thomas, Jay C. and Daniel L. Segal (eds.) (2006). Comprehensive Handbook of Personality and Psychopathology, Volume 1: Personality and Everyday Functioning. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. [xiv + 482 pages]




▷ Turner, Mark (1996). The Literary Mind. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. [x + 187 pages] 




▷ Tuszynski, Jack A. (ed.) (Aug. 2006). The Emerging Physics of Consciousness, (The Frontiers Collection). Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer. [xvi + 487 pages]




▷ Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa (ed.) (2007). Phenomenology of Life ― From the Animal Soul to the Human Mind, Book I: In Search of Experience. Dordrecht: Springer. [XLII + 452 pages]




▷ Tymieniecka, Anna-Teresa (ed.) (2007). Phenomenology of Life ― From the Animal Soul to the Human Mind, Book II: The Human Soul in the Creative Transformation of the Mind. Dordrecht: Springer. [XX + 550 pages] 




▷ Velmans, Max (March 2009). Understanding Consciousness, 2nd Edition. London and New York: Routledge. [408 pages]




▷ Žižek, Slavoj (Feb. 2006). The Parallax View. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [x + 434 pages]




▷ Žižek, Slavoj (May 2008). In Defense of Lost Causes. London and New York: Verso. [528 pages]




▷ Žižek, Slavoj and John Milbank, Edited by Creston Davis (April 2009). The Monstrosity of Christ: Paradox or Dialectic? Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [viii + 312 pages]





2009. 12. 10. 목요일. 흐림. 아침 08시 12분. [12. 17. 목. 엷은 흰구름들. 아침 08시 02분 입력]
 
2010. 01. 25. 월요일. 흐림. 새벽 04시 39분. 위 서지사항에서 오타가 두 개 있는 것을 문득 발견했다. 여태까지 『Phenomenology of Life』(Book I, II)의 편집자인 “Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka”를 “Anna-Teresa Timieniecka”로 잘못 적어 놓았었다. 정말 어처구니없는 실수였다. 이분의 이름은 익히 알고 있었던 터였다. 그런데 이런 어처구니없는 오타를 저질렀다. 이분께 정말 죄송스럽다. 이제서야 오타를 올바로 고쳐 놓는다. 참고로 “애나-테레사 티미니카(Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka, 애나-테레사 타이미니카)”는 폴란드 출신(1923년) 미국 철학자/현상학자로서, 1970년대에 ‘세계 현상학 연구소(The World Phenomenology Institute)’를 설립해 지금까지 이끌고 있으며, 1968년부터 해마다 후설 현상학 연구를 집대성하여 펴내는 《아날렉타 후설리아나 Analecta Husserliana》 문집의 책임 편집자로 활동하고 있다. 이분에 대한 자세한 내용은 위키피디아를 참조할 수 있다. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anna-Teresa_Tymieniecka)
 

콸리아 / 퀄리아 / qualia


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군자란 2009-12-17 17:29   좋아요 0 | 댓글달기 | URL
님의 서재에 오면 저 같이 영어지식이 짧은 사람은 마치 여우가 학을 자기의 저녁식사를 초대하는 우화가 생각이 나게 합니다. 언뜻 나오는 단어의 의미는 상당히 구미에 당기지만 저에게는 그냥 아쉬울 따름입니다. 조금 불편하시더라도 올려놓으신 글에 대한 간단한 해설이라도 부탁드리면 안될까요.

qualia 2009-12-17 22:36   좋아요 0 | URL
군자란 님, 위 목록은 제가 마음 · 의식 · 마음철학(심리철학) · 인지과학 등등을 공부하기 위해 참고할 책들을 모아놓은 것입니다. 위 책들 중에는 국내에 번역돼 나온 것도 있고요. 그런데 번역에 많은 문제가 있어 보이는 것들도 있더군요. (어떤 번역서들은, 유명 학술서인데도, 페이지마다 두서너 군데의 오독과 오역은 기본일 정도이더군요.) 그래서 제가 앞으로 계획하고 있는 번역비평 대상으로 꼽아 놓은 책들도 있습니다. 저는 자료 보관 차원에서도 제 블로그에 글을 올린답니다. 제 컴퓨터에 이상이 있어서 언제 어느 때 저장자료들이 날아갈지 모른답니다. 그래서 이곳저곳에 자료를 분산 보관하는 것이죠. [2009-12-17 21:32]

군자란 2009-12-18 10:15   좋아요 0 | 댓글달기 | URL
감사합니다. 저는 퀄리아님의 마음 몸 시공간이라는 단어에 이끌려 님의 서재에 들립니다. 한번씩이라도 저 같은 사람을 위해서라도 좋은 글(될수 있으면 영어말고^^^)을 올려 주시면 저에게 많은 도음이 될것 같습니다. 요즘 저는 핑커의 마음은 어떻게 작동하는가를 전에 몇번 실패를 했다가 시간 나는 대로 빵뜯어 먹듯 장기전으로 읽어 가고 있습니다. 언제 끝날지 모르지만 퀄리아님같이 내공을 가지신분이 던져 주는 화두가 제게는 큰 기쁨이 될것 같습니다. 감사합니다.

qualia 2009-12-18 15:27   좋아요 0 | URL
군자란 님, 고맙습니다. 예, 저도 좋은 글 쓸 수 있다면 좋겠습니다. 스티븐 핑커(Steven Pinker)의 또 하나의 저서 『단어와 규칙 ― 스티븐 핑커가 들려주는 언어와 마음의 비밀』(Words and Rules: The Ingredients of Language, 1999)이 최근 번역돼 나왔군요. 그리고 스티븐 핑커의 가장 최근작인 『The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature』(2007)도 곧 번역 · 출간돼 나온다고 하죠. 필독서들이 너무 많이 늘어나는군요. 게다가 핑커의 책들은 모두 쪽수가 엄청나던데요.

군자란 2009-12-18 17:00   좋아요 0 | 댓글달기 | URL
생각의 재료가 나온다고 하니 기대가 됩니다. 예전의 로쟈님께서 절망의 진화란 부분에서 이 책이 언급되었는데 무척이나 기다렸습니다.하지만 제가 따라갈수 있을지나 모르겠네요....일단 그 분량때문에 지치기도 하여 저는 마음은 어떻게....부터 끝장을 볼려고 합니다.

qualia 2009-12-19 10:06   좋아요 0 | URL
예, 그러시군요. 나중에 저도 군자란 님의 글 혹은 서평을 읽을 수 있으면 좋겠습니다.
 

MIND BOOKS (29)

From The Johns Hopkins University Press 
 

The Neural Sublime: Cognitive Theories and Romantic Texts 
 

 
photo from: http://www.amazon.com
 

▷ Richardson, Alan (2010). The Neural Sublime: Cognitive Theories and Romantic Texts. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.

 

Publisher: The Johns Hopkins University Press

Hardcover: 192 pages, 1 halftone, 4 line drawings

Pub Date: May 2, 2010

ISBN-10: 0801894522

ISBN-13: 978-0801894527

Book Dimensions:

List Price: $70.00
 

Paperback: 192 pages, 1 halftone, 4 line drawings

Pub Date: May 2, 2010

ISBN-10: 0801894530

ISBN-13: 978-0801894534

Book Dimensions:

List Price: $35.00

 

BOOK DESCRIPTION
 

The Neural Sublime brings recent work in cognitive neuroscience to bear on some famously vexed issues in British Romantic studies. In exciting and unprecedented ways, Alan Richardson demonstrates how developments in the neurosciences can transform the study of literary history.
 

Richardson presents six exemplary studies, each exploring a different intersection of Romanticism and the sciences of the mind and brain: the experience of the sublime and the neuroscience of illusion; the Romantic imagination and visual imaging; the figure of apostrophe and linguistic theory; fictional representations of the mind and "theory of mind" theory; depictions of sibling incest and neo-Darwinian theories of mental behavior; and representations of female speech and cognitive developmental psychology.
 

Richardson's insightful analysis opens fresh perspectives on British Romanticism, pointing scholars to new developments in cognitive literary studies. He combines elements of new historicist analysis with original ― and much-needed ― models for understanding language, subjectivity, and social behavior. Far from signaling a departure from the prevalent critical approaches of new historicism, Richardson argues, cognitive theory presents an essential complement to them.
 

The Neural Sublime features an array of cognitive and neuroscientific approaches, providing an engaging and readable introduction to the emergent field of cognitive literary studies.
 

REVIEWS
 

"Alan Richardson is an acknowledged pioneer in cognitive approaches to literature. His command of Romantic literature, the history of ideas of the Romantic era, and contemporary cognitive research is authoritative. In The Neural Sublime, he expands on his previous groundbreaking work in cognitive historicism by applying contemporary neuroscience to Romantic-era works." ― Nancy Easterlin, University of New Orleans
 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR
 

Alan Richardson 
photo from: www.bc.edu
 

Alan Richardson is a professor of English at Boston College, author of British Romanticism and the Science of the Mind, and coeditor of The Work of Fiction: Cognition, Culture, and Complexity.

Email: alan.richardson [AT] bc.edu

Homepage: http://www2.bc.edu/~richarad/hpage.html 
 

SOURCE: http://jhupbooks.press.jhu.edu/ecom/MasterServlet/GetItemDetailsHandler?iN=9780801894534&qty=1&source=2&viewMode=3&loggedIN=false&JavaScript=y 
 


RELATED BOOKS 


 

British Romanticism and the Science of the Mind 
 

 
 

▷ Richardson, Alan (2001). British Romanticism and the Science of the Mind (Cambridge Studies in Romanticism). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

 

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Hardcover: 268 pages, 10 b/w illus.

Pub Date: July 26, 2001

ISBN-10: 0521781914

ISBN-13: 978-0521781916

ISBN-13: 9780511030888 (Adobe eBook Reader)

Book Dimensions: 9 x 5.9 x 1.1 inches / 228 x 152 x 19 mm

List Price: $60.00 → $85.00 / £37.50 → £55.00
 

Paperback: 268 pages, 10 b/w illus.

Pub Date: September 26, 2005

ISBN-10: 0521020409

ISBN-13: 978-0521020404

Book Dimensions: 8.9 x 6 x 0.9 inches / 228 x 152 x 15 mm

List Price: $50.00 / £29.99

 

BOOK DESCRIPTION 
 

In this provocative and original study, Alan Richardson examines an entire range of intellectual, cultural, and ideological points of contact between British Romantic literary writing and the pioneering brain science of the time. Richardson breaks new ground in two fields, revealing a significant and undervalued facet of British Romanticism while demonstrating the 'Romantic' character of early neuroscience. Crucial notions like the active mind, organicism, the unconscious, the fragmented subject, instinct and intuition, arising simultaneously within the literature and psychology of the era, take on unsuspected valences that transform conventional accounts of Romantic cultural history. Neglected issues like the corporeality of mind, the role of non-linguistic communication, and the peculiarly Romantic understanding of cultural universals are reopened in discussions that bring new light to bear on long-standing critical puzzles, from Coleridge's suppression of 'Kubla Khan', to Wordsworth's perplexing theory of poetic language, to Austen's interest in head injury.
 

Brings out the affinities between the British Romantic movement and the early history of neuroscience

Develops important new perspectives on authors as diverse as Wordsworth, Austen, Coleridge, Keats, Shelley, Darwin and Gall

Demonstrates the value for literary and cultural history of learning from recent work in neuroscience and cognitive science

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

List of illustrations …… page xii

Preface …… xiii

List of abbreviations …… xix
 

1. Introduction: neural Romanticism …… 1

2. Coleridge and the new unconscious …… 39

3. A beating mind: Wordsworth's poetics and the "science of feelings" …… 66

4. Of heartache and head injury: minds, brains, and the subject of Persuasion …… 93

5. Keats and the glories of the brain …… 114

6. Embodied universalism, Romantic discourse, and the anthropological imagination …… 151

7. Epilogue …… 181
 

Notes …… 186

Bibliography …… 219

Index …… 237
 

EXCERPT: http://assets.cambridge.org/97805217/81916/excerpt/9780521781916_excerpt.pdf 
 

REVIEWS
 

'… exciting work …' ― Journal of Consciousness Studies
 

'In his extensively researched book, Alan Richardson presents the reader with a new approach to reading British Romantic literature … offers an illuminating approach to scholarship and also to some literary texts in British Romanticism while at the same time contributing to the developing field of cognitive historicism.' ― Poetics Today
 

'British Romanticism and the Science of the Mind will shape future studies of the cultural impact of medicine on nineteenth-century literature. The Romantic discovery of the 'brain' is a remarkable story, richly recounted in this study, one to which we will be frequently returning in the future.' ― Romanticism
 

"[An] important book [that] remains valuable for its literary readings and its tour d'horizon of the materialist tradition in romantic medicine." ― Neil Vickers, University College, London, Studies in Romanticism
 

"Alan Richardson's foray into the relationship between the 'brain science' and literature of the Romantic period is a welcome contribution to the recent wave of writings on Romantic medicine and literature." ― Bulletin of the History of Medicine
 

"Richardsonas treatment of a hitherto neglected phase of cultural history should prove of interest to specialists in Romanticism at the graduate level and above." ― Choice
 

"The book is richly illustrated with nineteenth-century engravings of the anatomy of the brain and nervous system and contains extensive notes and bibliographic citations. It is as readable and exciting as it is careful, thought provoking and intelligent." ― Isis
 

"In his latest book, Richardson has begun research that will keep scholars busy for years to come. He has also offered literary interpretations that will change the way we think about words like 'brain,' 'mind,' 'sensation,' and 'thought' when we read them in Romantic and post-Romantic texts. His argument is clear, his evidence convincing, his writing graceful and compelling. In short, Richardson has made an extremely important contribution to Romantic studies." ― The Wordsworth Circle
 

"British Romanticism and the Science of the Mind promises to become a foundation text for the emerging Romanticist subdiscipline of discourse, culture, and corporeality... The book will be prized for the freshness and sanity of its approach as well as its illuminating and rigorous critical engagement with received opinion." ― Nineteenth-Century Literature
 

"Alan Richardson has written a serious, speculative, and provocative book on a very large subject." ― European Romantic Review 
 

SOURCE: http://www.cambridge.org/us/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521020404 

SOURCE: http://www.cambridge.org/uk/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521020404 

 


 

The Work of Fiction: Cognition, Culture, and Complexity 
 

 
 

▷ Richardson, Alan and Ellen Spolsky (eds.) (2004). The Work of Fiction: Cognition, Culture, and Complexity. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.

 

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing

Hardcover: 208 pages, b&w illustrations

Pub Date: June 2004

ISBN-10: 0-7546-3849-9

ISBN-13: 978-0-7546-3849-0

Book Dimensions: 8.7 x 6 x 0.9 inches / 219 x 153 mm

List Price: $110.00 / £55.00 / Online: £49.50

 

BOOK DESCRIPTION
 

The essays gathered here demonstrate and justify the excitement and promise of cognitive historicism, providing a lively introduction to this new and quickly growing area of literary studies. Written by eight leading critics whose work has done much to establish the new field, they display the significant results of a largely unprecedented combination of cultural and cognitive analysis. The authors explore both narrative and dramatic genres, uncovering the tensions among presumably universal cognitive processes, and the local contexts within which complex literary texts are produced.
 

Alan Richardson's opening essay evaluates current approaches to the study of literature and cognition, locating them on the map of recent literary studies, indicating their most compelling developments to date, and suggesting the most promising future directions.
 

The seven essays that follow provide innovative readings of topics ranging from Shakespeare (Othello, Macbeth, Cymbeline, The Rape of Lucrece) through Samuel Richardson's Clarissa, to contemporary authors Ian McEwan and Gilbert Sorrentino. They underscore some of the limitations of new historicist and post-structuralist approaches to literary cultural studies while affirming the value of supplementing rather than supplanting them with insights and methods drawn from cognitive and evolutionary theory. Together, they demonstrate the analytical power of considering these texts in the context of recent studies of cultural universals, 'theory of mind,' cognitive categorization and genre, and neural-materialist theories of language and consciousness. This groundbreaking collection holds appeal for a broad audience, including students and teachers of literary theory, literary history, cultural studies, and literature and science studies.
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

List of Figures …… vi

Preface (by Ellen Spolsky) …… vii

Acknowledgments …… xiv

List of Contributors …… xv
 

1 Studies in Literature and Cognition: A Field Map (Introduction) …… 1

― Alan Richardson

2 Stories and Morals: Emotion, Cognitive Exempla, and the Arabic Aristotelians …… 31

― Patrick Colm Hogan

3 Women's Work is Chastity: Lucretia, Cymbeline, and Cognitive Impenetrability …… 51

― Ellen Spolsky

4 Embodied Literature: A Cognitive-Poststructuralist Approach to Genre …… 85

― F. Elizabeth Hart

5 'Fair is foul': Macbeth and Binary Logic …… 107

― Mary Thomas Crane

6 Richardson's Clarissa and a Theory of Mind …… 127

― Lisa Zunshine

7 God Novels …… 147

― Blakey Vermeule

8 Matter into Imagination: The Cognitive Realism of Gilbert Sorrentino's Imaginative Qualities of Actual Things …… 167

― Joseph Tabbi
 

Index …… 187
 

ABOUT THE EDITORS
 

Alan Richardson 
 

Alan Richardson is Professor of English at Boston College, USA and author of British Romanticism and the Science of the Mind.

Email: alan.richardson [AT] bc.edu

Homepage: http://www2.bc.edu/~richarad/hpage.html 
 

 
photo from: www.biu.ac.il/HU/lein 
 

Ellen Spolsky is Professor of English at Bar-Ilan University and author of Satisfying Skepticism: Embodied Knowledge in the Early Modern World.

Email: spolske [AT] mail.biu.ac.il

Homepage: http://www.biu.ac.il/faculty/spolske 
 

SOURCE: http://www.ashgate.com/default.aspx?page=637&calcTitle=1&title_id=5265&edition_id=7468 
 


 

Shakespear's Brain: Reading with Cognitive Theory 
 

 
 

▷ Crane, Mary Thomas (2000). Shakespeare's Brain: Reading with Cognitive Theory. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

 

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Hardcover: 288 pages

Pub Date: December 15, 2000

ISBN-10: 0-691-05087-2

ISBN-13: 978-0-691-05087-4

Book Dimensions: 9.5 x 6.4 x 0.9 inches

List Price: $49.50
 

Paperback: 288 pages

Pub Date: December 15, 2000

ISBN-10: 0-691-06992-1

ISBN-13: 978-0-691-06992-0

Book Dimensions: 9.2 x 6.1 x 0.7 inches

List Price: $19.95 → $33.95 / £23.95

 

ABOUT THIS BOOK
 

Here Mary Thomas Crane considers the brain as a site where body and culture meet to form the subject and its expression in language. Taking Shakespeare as her case study, she boldly demonstrates the explanatory power of cognitive theory ― a theory which argues that language is produced by a reciprocal interaction of body and environment, brain and culture, and which refocuses attention on the role of the author in the making of meaning. Crane reveals in Shakespeare's texts a web of structures and categories through which meaning is created. The approach yields fresh insights into a wide range of his plays, including The Comedy of Errors, As You Like It, Twelfth Night, Hamlet, Measure for Measure, and The Tempest.
 

Crane's cognitive reading traces the complex interactions of cultural and cognitive determinants of meaning as they play themselves out in Shakespeare's texts. She shows how each play centers on a word or words conveying multiple meanings (such as "act," "pinch," "pregnant," "villain and clown"), and how each cluster has been shaped by early modern ideological formations. The book also chronicles the playwright's developing response to the material conditions of subject formation in early modern England. Crane reveals that Shakespeare in his comedies first explored the social spaces within which the subject is formed, such as the home, class hierarchy, and romantic courtship. His later plays reveal a greater preoccupation with how the self is formed within the body, as the embodied mind seeks to make sense of and negotiate its physical and social environment.
 

Endorsements:
 

"Shakespeare's Brain will inevitably be described as a 'cognitive' analysis because it pays attention to cognitive aspects of meaning, but it is no less 'historical,' 'theoretical,' and 'interpretive'. The book gives rich treatments of the historical aspects of the plays and their production, the history of criticism, and literary theory. To this richness it adds the embodied mind of the writer writing, and the ways in which the plays investigate what is involved in conceiving of oneself as an embodied mind. Shakespeare's Brain offers old wine (Shakespeare) in new bottles (cognitive science), giving us not only a picture of the future of cognitive literary study but also some valuable new interpretations of the plays." ― Mark Turner, University of Maryland
 

"Mary Thomas Crane lays out with easy authority and admirable lucidity what criticism might hope to gain from considering the insights of cognitive neuroscience. Taking on a wide range of experimental and theoretical cognitive science as well as the beginnings of its absorption into historical and literary studies, she proves to be a gifted explainer. Moreover, her 'adjustment' of Saussure, Lacan, and Derrida has an unassuming brilliance, bold but modestly teacherly, controversial without being controversialist." ― James Richardson, Princeton University
 

"The implications of Mary Thomas Crane's approach are manifold and momentous, and she presents these in an introduction as striking for its lucidity as for its significance. Crane's scholarship is rich and extensive, and the book is beautifully written." ― Judith H. Anderson, Indiana University
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 

Acknowledgments  ix

Introduction Shakespeare's Brain: Embodying the Author-Function  3

Chapter 1 No Space Like Home: The Comedy of Errors  36

Chapter 2 Theatrical Practice and the Ideologies of Status in As You Like It  67

Chapter 3 Twelfth Night: Suitable Suits and the Cognitive Space Between  94

Chapter 4 Cognitive Hamlet and the Name of Action  116

Chapter 5 Male Pregnancy and Cognitive Permeability in Measure for Measure  156

Chapter 6 Sound and Space in The Tempest  178

Notes  211

Index  257
 

EXCERPT: http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/s6992.pdf 

SOURCE: http://press.princeton.edu/titles/6992.html 
 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR
 

 

photo from: www.bc.edu 

 

Mary Thomas Crane is Thomas F. Rattigan Professor in the Department of English at the Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167, USA.

Mary Crane received a B.A. in Classics and English (1979) and a Ph.D. in English (1986) from Harvard University. She specializes in English Renaissance literature and culture, 1500-1660, especially intellectual history, history of science and technology, and cognitive literary theory. She is the author of Framing Authority: Sayings, Self, and Society in Sixteenth-Century England (Princeton, 1993) and Shakespeare's Brain: Reading with Cognitive  Theory (Princeton, 2001). She teaches courses on Shakespeare, Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama, and other areas of early modern British literature and culture.

Email: cranem [AT] bc.edu / mary.crane.1 [AT] bc.edu

Homepage: http://www2.bc.edu/~cranem 

Homepage: http://www.bc.edu/schools/cas/english/faculty/facalpha/crane.html 

 


 

The Bard on the Brain 
 

 
 

▷ Matthews, Paul M. and Jeffrey McQuain (2003). The Bard on the Brain: Understanding the Mind Through the Art of Shakespeare and the Science of Brain Imaging. New York: Dana Press / University of Chicago Press.

 

Publisher: Dana Press / The University of Chicago Press

Hardcover: 192 pages

Pub Date: April 1, 2003

ISBN-10: 0972383026

ISBN-13: 978-0972383028
Book Dimensions: 9.3 x 9.3 x 0.9 inches / 234 x 235 x 23 mm

List Price: $35.00 / £24.00

 

SOURCE: http://www.dana.org/news/danapressbooks/detail.aspx?id=1138 

 


 

Literary Theory and Criticism: An Oxford Guide 
 


photo from: The Oxford University Press 

 

▷ Waugh, Patricia (ed.) (Jan. 2006). Literary Theory and Criticism: An Oxford Guide. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Hardback: 624 pages

Pub Date: 26 January 2006 (UK) / December 2006 (USA)

ISBN-10: 0-19-929133-0

ISBN-3: 978-0-19-929133-5

Book Dimensions: 246 x 189 mm

List Price: £96.00 / $175.00
 

Paperback: 624 pages

Pub Date: 26 January 2006 (UK) / March 2006 (USA)

ISBN-10: 0-19-925836-8

ISBN-13: 978-0-19-925836-9

Book Dimensions: 246 x 189 mm

List Price: £27.00 / $49.95

 

DESCRIPTION
 

This volume offers a comprehensive account of modern literary criticism, presenting the field as part of an ongoing historical and intellectual tradition. Featuring thirty-nine specially commissioned chapters from an international team of esteemed contributors, it fills a large gap in the market by combining the accessibility of single-authored selections with a wide range of critical perspectives. The volume is divided into four parts. Part One covers the key philosophical and aesthetic origins of literary theory, while Part Two discusses the foundational movements and thinkers in the first half of the twentieth century. Part Three offers introductory overviews of the most important movements and thinkers in modern literary theory, and Part Four looks at emergent trends and future directions.
 

Features

Fills a large gap in the market by combining the accessibility of single-authored narratives with a much broader range of critical perspectives.

Offers a comprehensive account of the major movements and thinkers in modern literary criticism.

Presents modern theory and criticism as part of an ongoing historical and intellectual tradition.

Part Four offers suggestions and evaluations of possible future directions and debates.

 

ABOUT THE EDITOR
 

(Editor's image) 
 

Patricia Waugh, Professor in the Department of English Studies, Durham University

Patricia Waugh has published extensively in the field of modern fiction and criticism. She is the author of The Harvest of the Sixties: English Literature and its Backgrounds (1995) and Revolutions of the Word: Intellectual Contexts for the Study of Modern Literature (1997). She has also edited a number of collections and anthologies of modern literary theory and postmodernism, most recently The Arts and Sciences of Criticism (with David Fuller).

Homepage: http://www.dur.ac.uk/english.studies/academicstaff/?username=dng0pnw 

Wikipedia entry: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patricia_Waugh 
 

SOURCE: http://www.oup.com/us/catalog/general/subject/LiteratureEnglish/LiteraryTheory/?view=usa&ci=9780199258369 
 


RELATED PAPERS 

 

▷ Crane, Mary Thomas and Alan Richardson (1999). Literary Studies and Cognitive Science: Toward a New Interdisciplinarity. Mosaic 32(2), 123-40.

 

The first three paragraphs of this paper:

Literary scholars have increasingly taken up interdisciplinary frameworks, methodologies, and pursuits in recent years, despite the difficulties of "being interdisciplinary" cogently outlined by Stanley Fish. Such broad-based critical schools or tendencies as the new historicism, gender studies, and cultural criticism by definition stake out their ground between or across disciplines, and some literature departments have remade themselves as "cultural studies" programs, suggesting that interdisciplinarity is becoming not simply a legitimate option for literary scholars but may be gaining the force of an imperative ― one all the harder to resist as university presses attempt to maximize sales with academic titles that can be marketed across disciplinary lines.
 

It might seem initially surprising, then, that those challenging disciplinary boundaries in literary and cultural studies have shown so little interest in cognitive science, the major interdisciplinary initiative marking the convergence of linguistics, computer science, psychology, neuroscience, philosophy of mind, and anthropology. Our widespread lack of engagement with what has been called the "cognitive revolution" is all the more striking given its obvious bearing on theoretical discussions of language, subjectivity, and consciousness, not to mention its status as one of the most exciting and potentially far-reaching intellectual developments of the late 20th century.
 

We hope to provoke such engagement ― both critical and collaborative ― in the essay that follows. We begin by sketching out some key developments in the constitution of cognitive science as a major interdisciplinary venture, emphasizing the transition from pioneering attempts to describe cognition in terms of the logical processing of coded symbols to more recent efforts to ground cognitive activity in embodied experience. We then look at a series of related issues in cognitive science of special interest to scholars of literature and culture, including categorization theory, nonarbitrary aspects of language, metaphoricity, agency, and the material character of thought. Finally, we survey a number of attempts to date, on the part of cognitive researchers and theorists as well as literary scholars and critics, to forge links between literary studies and cognitive science.

 

▷ Richardson, Alan (1999). Cognitive Science and the Future of Literary Studies. Philosophy and Literature 23(1), 157-173.
 

Preview of this paper:

The future of literary studies, never a very clear prospect, seems especially hazy at the present moment. Poststructuralist approaches, basing their accounts of language, culture, and subject formation largely on the theories of French thinkers like Lacan, Derrida, Althusser, and Foucault have increasingly been found problematic.1 Dissatisfaction with poststructuralism, particularly at its relativistic and anti-humanist extremes, have come not only from expected corners but from critics working in feminist, Marxist, postcolonial, and gay studies, fields that have been closely associated with poststructuralist theory in the recent past.2 Calls to move "beyond" poststructuralism and to imagine a future "after postmodernism" have by now become routine.3 Where to go from here, however, and whether to absorb some aspects of poststructuralist thought or reject it wholesale are questions that not only remain open but have barely begun to be asked.
 

Given the immense promise of work on the brain and cognition, which has already revolutionized a number of academic fields, one might expect literary critics and theorists to consider the constellation of new ideas emerging from the cognitive sciences in their search for new paradigms for literary studies. Even if we define cognitive science broadly to include relevant aspects of neuroscience, however, literary scholars have as yet shown remarkably little interest. This lack of engagement may seem surprising. After all, issues of subject formation, language acquisition, agency, rhetoricity, and the like have become central concerns of literary theory and criticism, and yet much of the most exciting relevant work in linguistics, psychology, and philosophy of mind, not to mention neuroscience and artificial intelligence, has been ignored. That what must be the great interdisciplinary venture of our times, cognitive... 
 

http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/philosophy_and_literature/summary/v023/23.1richardson.html 
 

▷ Richardson, Alan (1999). Coleridge and the Dream of an Embodied Mind. Romanticism 5, 1-25.
 

Draws on recent neuroscientific work on unconscious cognition to help elicit neglected aspects of Romantic-era discourse on the unconscious, with particular attention to Coleridge's ambivalent relation to questions of mind-body interaction and unconscious motivation and thought, especially as this bears on the introductory notice to "Kubla Khan."

 

▷ Richardson, Alan (2000). Rethinking Romantic Incest: Human Universals, Literary Representation, and the Biology of Mind. New Literary History 31(3), 553-572.

 

Preview of this paper:

Incest ― or rather, the avoidance of incest ― has struck a number of influential thinkers as providing the key to understanding human culture. Frazer made the universality of the incest prohibition central to his demonstration of deep similarities among so-called primitive and modern cultures alike in his 1910 study, Totemism and Exogamy. Freud went further and made the repression or sublimation of incestuous desires crucial both for the development of individual psychic life and for the rise of human society in works like Totem and Taboo. Levi-Strauss, in Elementary Structures of Kinship, made the incest prohibition the "fundamental step because of which, by which, but above all in which, the transition from nature to culture is accomplished."1 Over the past decade, the ubiquity of incest avoidance has proved no less significant for those seeking to establish the biological foundations of culture, or to call the distinction between nature and culture radically into question. In Human Universals, Donald E. Brown presents the Darwinian approach to the universality, "or near-universality," of the incest taboo as an exemplary case of how biological anthropology should best be theorized and empirically tested.2 Steven Pinker, distilling the new field of evolutionary psychology for popular consumption in How the Mind Works, includes an anti-Freudian account of incest avoidance that covers much of the same ground as Brown.3 Illustrating his theory of "gene-culture co-evolution," E. O. Wilson, the founder of "sociobiology," presents still another, updated version of the evolutionary theory of incest avoidance in his recent book Consilience.4 
 

http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/new_literary_history/summary/v031/31.3richardson.html 

 

▷ Richardson, Alan (2004). Romanticism, the Unconscious, and the Brain. In Steven P. Sondrup and Virgil Nemoianu (ed.), Nonfictional Romantic Prose: Expanding Borders. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 349-364.

 

The first page of this paper:

Long views of European romanticism frequently underscore the importance for romantic writers of the unconscious and irrational aspects of the human mind. Romanticism, in fact, is characteristically said to begin with a "reaction against rationalism" that included an unprecedented emphasis on intuition, instinct, and the "unconscious regions" of the psyche (Schenk 3-8). Students of the unconscious mind, for their part, are no less prone to credit the romantics with playing a salient role in the "discovery" of the unconscious. Henri Ellenberger, in his magisterial work on the topic, details how romantic writers, with their "cult of the irrational," established the unconscious as the "very fundament of the human being" and detailed its manifestations in "dreams, genius, mental illness, parapsychology," and the like (199-200, 204). It is the more remarkable, then, that scholars of literary romanticism have produced so little in the way of systematic investigation of the unconscious mind and its representations, despite the broad claims that mark the occasional foray into the topic. Catherine Belsey, for example, holds that in certain romantic-era texts "the unconscious is for the first time produced in discourse" (58), echoing Lionel Trilling's assertion that romantic poets and philosophers were foremost among those whom Freud himself credited with having "discovered the unconscious" before him (34-5). Maria Tatar, in what is still the most valuable book on the subject, works (like both Trilling and Belsey) from a psychoanalytic notion of the unconscious, retracing Ellenberger's trajectory from Mesmer's experiments with "magnetic sleep" at the end of the eighteenth century to Freud's with the "talking cure" at the end of the nineteenth, expanding and enlivening Ellenberger's sketch of the romantic tradition that mediates between Mesmer's ethereal fluids and Freud's psychodynamic account of mind.

   There have been scattered calls, however, for a quite different approach to understanding the unconscious, one that could be lead to a broader and more varied account of romantic-era representations of the unconscious mind and its operations. Historians of psychology have, over the past decade or so, begun to speak of a "rich pre-Freudian tradition" largely bypassed by psychoanalytically inspired studies, a tradition that grounds the mind securely in the brain and looks forward to late twentieth-century psychology and neuroscience rather than to Freud and his legacy (Lavie and Hobson 230). Jonathan Miller has recently sketched out his own line from Mesmer, not to Freud (and what Miller characterizes as Freud's "regrettably" repressive or "custodial" conception of the unconscious) but to the "alternative, non-Freudian Unconscious" of cognitive psychology, initially provoked by the experiments of Mesmer and his circle, developed in mid-nineteenth-century British notions of "unconscious cerebration," and decisively reasserted in the course of the cognitive revolution dating from the 1950s. In contrast to the "almost exclusively withholding function" he attributes to the unconscious of psychoanalytic theory, Miller describes the cognitive unconscious as "altogether productive," enabling the

 

▷ Richardson, Alan (2004). Studies in Literature and Cognition: A Field Map. In Alan Richardson and Ellen Spolsky (eds.), The Work of Fiction: Cognition, Culture, and Complexity. Aldershot: Ashgate. pp. 1-29.

 

The first page of this paper:

Introduction
 

Is there a cognitive literary criticism? Literary scholars have been producing work engaged with the findings and methods of the cognitive and brain sciences for over two decades now. During the 1980s, a series of important books and articles were published by Reuven Tsur, Norman Holland, Mark Turner, Robert de Beaugrande, and others arguing for a fundamental rethinking of literary theory, criticism, and interpretation in relation to the 'more powerful' psychological models emerging from new work on cognition and the brain (Holland 13).1 For a good while, however, these critics failed to provoke much of a response from the literary academy at large, or even from one another. Only in the mid-1990s, with a small but steadily growing presence at professional meetings and the rapid exchange of information made possible by the World Wide Web, did an active community begin to constitute itself out of a geographically and intellectually diverse group of literary scholars interested in cognition and neuroscience. The formation of the Modern Language Association 'Cognitive Approaches to Literature' Discussion Group in 1998 marked both a new level of institutional recognition for cognitive criticism and the establishment of a productive area of common ground among scholars working with a remarkably diverse array of assumptions, methods, and goals.2 In what follows, I seek to highlight this diversity and to elicit the theoretical and practical disagreements it represents. Although I have tried to be even-handed in my survey of various emergent approaches, I will also speak to the promise and limitations of each in turn.

   One might object at the outset that 'cognitive' is too broad, too vague, or too unstable a term to characterize in any meaningful way the varied body of work discussed below. Used to distinguish cognitive psychology from the behaviorist approaches it largely displaced, 'cognitive' generally refers to an overriding interest in the active (and largely unconscious) mental processing that makes behavior understandable. Used in conjunction with linguistics, 'cognitive' sometimes distinguishes the work of George Lakoff form that of Noam Chomsky, although Chomsky appears as a founding figure in accounts of cognitive science.

 

▷ Richardson, Alan (2006). Cognitive Literary Criticism. In Patricia Waugh (ed.), Literary Theory and Criticism: An Oxford Guide. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 544-556.

 

The first page of this article:

Introduction
 

Cognitive literary criticism represents a fairly recent and rapidly growing attempt on the part of scholars with many different aims and methods to bring literary studies into dialogue with the new sciences of mind and brain. In telling contrast to critics of many other theoretical persuasions, cognitive critics develop their models for understanding subjectivity, agency, consciousness, language, and psychosocial development through critical engagement with the best contemporary work being produced in leading university department of psychology, linguistics, neuroscience, and philosophy of mind. Like most researchers and theorists in these fields, they begin by acknowledging the momentous impact on recent intellectual life of the 'cognitive revolution', well described by psychologist Howard Gardner as a period, dating from the 1950s, of fundamental change and converging interests among linguists led by Noam Chomsky, artificial intelligence researchers like John Newell and Herbert Simon, and early cognitive psychologists such as Jerome Bruner.1 Although the 'mind as computer' model characteristic of this early phase of the cognitive revolution has since been greatly qualified, the cognitive sciences (or 'cognitive neurosciences') have become the single most important interdisciplinary enterprise of the twenty-first century.2 Literary scholars working in many areas are now bringing their own objects and methods of study into this exciting arena.

   The great diversity and the very newness of these efforts make any attempts to narrowly define cognitive literary criticism impossible, and any effort to delimit its field of interest too strictly would be unwise at this time. The difficulties in definition begin with the key term 'cognitive' itself, which traditionally has been used in contrast with 'affective'. Early cognitive psychologists and artificial intelligence researchers did tend to neglect affect and emotion, but as the cognitive sciences have developed (and increasingly cultivated links with the neurosciences), these areas have become central to cognitive research and to cognitive-neuroscientific models of mind and mental behaviour. The term 'cognitivism' is sometimes used to characterize early work towards a computational account of the human mind, as opposed to the biological or 'wet mind' model now preferred by leading psychological researchers like Stephen Kosslyn and Oliver Koenig.3

 
 

2009. 12. 02. 수요일. 흐린 편. 밤 7시 47분. [12. 04. 금. 03:07 입력] 
2010. 02. 07. 일요일. 낮 13시18분. 맑음. 날씨 조금 풀렸다. 『신경학적 숭고함 The Neural Sublime』의 표지 사진이 아마존에 올라왔기에 옮겨온다.

콸리아 / 퀄리아 / qualia 


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MIND BOOKS (28)

From the Website of Stanislas Dehaene's new book, Reading in the Brain

 

Reading in the Brain: The Science and Evolution of a Human Invention 
 
 

 

▷ Dehaene, Stanislas (Nov. 2009). Reading in the Brain: The Science and Evolution of a Human Invention. Viking.

 

Publisher: Viking Adult

Hardcover: 400 pages

Pub Date: November 12, 2009

ISBN-10: 0670021105

ISBN-13: 978-0670021109

Book Dimensions: 9.01 x 5.98 x 1.6 inches

List Price: $27.95

eBook - Adobe reader: $27.95

eBook - ePub eBook: $27.95

 

ABOUT THIS BOOK
 

How can a few black marks on a white page evoke an entire universe of sounds and meanings? In this riveting investigation, renowned cognitive neuroscientist Stanislas Dehaene provides a highly accessible description of the brain circuitry at work behind reading. He sheds light on the main issues related to the "reading paradox" ― our cortex is the outcome of millions of years of evolution in a world without writing, so why can it adapt to the specific challenges posed by written word recognition? Stanislas Dehaene proposes a powerful "neuronal recycling" hypothesis, which postulates that cultural inventions invade evolutionarily older brain circuits, and while doing so inherit many of their structural constraints.
 

Reading in the Brain also describes groundbreaking research on how the brain processes languages. It reveals the hidden logic of spelling and the existence of powerful unconscious mechanisms for decoding words of any size, case, or font.
 

This is a book for everyone. It is eye-opening and will fascinate not only readers interested in science and culture, but educators concerned with the contested issues of how we learn to read, and of pathologies like dyslexia. Like Steven Pinker, Dehaene argues that the mind is not a blank slate: writing systems across all cultures rely on the same brain circuitry, and reading is only possible insofar as it fits within the limits of a primate brain. Setting cutting-edge science in the context of cultural debate, Reading in the Brain is an unparalleled guide to a uniquely human capability.
 

TABLE OF CONTENTS (with brief chapter summaries) 
 

Introduction: The New Science of Reading
 

Chapter 1. How do we read?
 

Written word processing starts in our eyes. Only the center of the retina, called the fovea, has a fine enough resolution to allow for the recognition of small print. Our gaze must therefore move around the page constantly. Whenever our eyes stop, we only recognize one or two words. Each of them is then split up into myriad fragments by retinal neurons and must be put back together before it can be recognized. Our visual system progressively extracts graphemes, syllables, prefixes, suffixes, and word roots. Two major parallel processing routes eventually come into play: the phonological route, which converts letters into speech sounds, and the lexical route, which gives access to a mental dictionary of word meanings.

 

Chapter 2. The Brain's Letterbox
 

In 1892, the French neurologist Joseph-Jules Déjerine discovered that a stroke affecting a small sector of the brain's left visual system led to a complete and selective disruption of reading. Modern brain imaging confirms that this region plays such an essential part in reading that it can aptly be called "the brain's letterbox." Located in the same brain area in readers the world over, it responds automatically to written words. In less than one-fifth of a second, a time span too brief for conscious perception, it extracts the identity of a letter string regardless of superficial changes in letter size, shape, or position. It then transmits this information to two major sets of brain areas, distributed in the temporal and frontal lobes, that respectively encode sound pattern and meaning.

 

Chapter 3. The Reading Ape
 

Reading rests upon primitive neuronal mechanisms of primate vision that have been preserved over the course of evolution. Animal studies show that the monkey's brain houses a hierarchy of neurons that respond to fragments of visual scenes. Collectively, these neurons contain a stock of elementary shapes whose combinations can encode any visual object. Some macaque monkey neurons even respond to line junctions resembling our letter shapes (e.g., T, Y, and L). Those shapes constitute useful invariants for recognizing objects. According to the "neuronal recycling" hypothesis, when we learn to read, part of this neuronal hierarchy converts to the new task of recognizing letters and words.

 

Chapter 4. Inventing Reading
 

The neuronal recycling hypothesis implies that our brain architecture constrains the way we read. Indeed vestiges of these biological constraints can be found in the history of writing systems. In spite of their apparent diversity, all share a great many common features that reflect how visual information is encoded in our cortex. The neuroscience of reading sheds new light on the twisted historical path that finally led to the alphabet as we know it. We can consider it as a massive selection process: over time, scribes developed increasingly efficient notations that fitted the organization of our brains. In brief, our cortex did not specifically evolve for writing. Rather, writing evolved to fit the cortex.

 

Chapter 5. Learning to Read
 

Learning to read consists of connecting two sets of brain regions that are already present in infancy: the object recognition system and the language circuit. Reading acquisition involves three major phases: the pictorial stage, a brief period where children "photograph" a few words; the phonological stage, where they learn to decode graphemes into phonemes; and the orthographic stage, where word recognition becomes fast and automatic. Brain imaging shows that several brain circuits are altered during this process, notably those of the left occipito-temporal letterbox area. Over several years, the neural activity evoked by written words increases, becomes selective, and converges onto the adult reading network.

These results, although still preliminary, are rich in implications for education. Above all, we now understand why the whole-language method deluded so many psychologists and teachers, even though it does not fit with the architecture of our visual brain.

 

Chapter 6. The Dyslexic Brain
 

Some intelligent and well-rounded children experience disproportionate trouble in learning to read ― dyslexia. In most cases, this problem is linked to an impaired ability to process phonemes, and an entire causal chain from gene to dyslexic behavior is now being uncovered. The brains of dyslexic children present a number of characteristic anomalies: the anatomy of the temporal lobe is disorganized, its connectivity is altered, and several regions are insufficiently activated during reading. The disorder is suspected to have a strong genetic component, and four susceptibility genes have been identified, most of which control neuronal migration, a major event in the construction of the brain during pregnancy. Any disturbance that affects this episode can lead to a disorganization of the layers of the cortex.

Do these biological anomalies imply that dyslexia cannot be cured? Not at all ― new remedial intervention strategies are bringing fresh hope. Based on intensive computerized training, these techniques improve reading scores and lead to partial normalization of brain activity in dyslexic children.

 

Chapter 7. Reading and Symmetry
 

In everyday language, a dyslexic is someone who confuses left and right and makes mirror errors in reading. Symmetry perception probably plays a significant role in reading, but left-right confusions are not unique to dyslexics. Early in life, virtually all children make mirror errors in reading and writing. Indeed, the ability to generalize across symmetrical views, which facilitates view-invariant object recognition, is one of the essential competences of the visual system. When children learn to read, they must "unlearn" mirror generalization in order to process "b" and "d" as distinct letters. In some children, this unlearning process, which goes against the spontaneous abilities inherited from evolution, seems to present a specific source of impairment.

 

Chapter 8. Toward a Culture of Neurons
 

Reading opens up whole new vistas on the nature of the interactions between cultural learning and the brain. The neuronal recycling model should extend to cultural inventions other than reading. Mathematics, art, and religion may also be construed as constrained devices, adjusted to our primate brains by millennia of cultural evolution. There is, however, a key unresolved question: why are humans the only species to have created a culture and thus conceive of new uses for their brain circuits? I propose that the expansion of a "conscious neuronal workspace," a vast system of cortical connections, allows for the flexible rearrangement of mental objects for novel purposes.

 

Advanced praise for Reading in the Brain
 

"We are fortunate that Stanislas Dehaene, the leading authority on the neuroscience of language, is also a beautiful writer. His Reading in the Brain brings together the cognitive, the cultural, and the neurological in an elegant, compelling narrative. It is a revelatory work."

― Oliver Sacks, author of The man who mistook his wife for a hat
 

"In a moment when knowledge about the reading brain may be the key to its preservation, Stanislas Dehaene's book provides the next critical rung of that knowledge. He does this through insights gained from his own prolific research, through his comprehensive grasp of the neurosciences, and through his unique combination of common sense and wisdom that shines through every chapter."

― Maryanne Wolf, author of "Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the Reading Brain"
 

"Stanislas Dehaene takes us on a journey into the science of reading. We travel past firing neurons in monkeys, brain activation patterns in humans, people with brain damage, and culture as a whole. It's a proactive and enjoyable synthesis of a tremendous amount of information, with just the right balance between getting the facts right and making them accessible to lay readers."

― Joseph LeDoux, University Professor NYU, author of Synaptic Self and The Emotional Brain.
 

"In this beautifully illustrated volume, Dehaene brilliantly synthesizes what is known about how the brain works when we read. In doing so he integrates cognitive neuroscience, cultural, evolutionary and neuropsychological investigations and illuminates the brain's amazing ability to adapt to the inventions of culture and technology."

― Michael Posner, Professor Emeritus University of Oregon, Adjunct Professor Weill Medical College
 

"Reading in the Brain isn't just about reading. It comes nearer than anything I have encountered to explaining how humans think, and does so with a simple elegance that can be grasped by scientists and nonscientists alike. Dehaene provides insight about the neurological underpinnings of the spectacular cognitive skills that characterize our species. Students of human evolution are not the only ones who will find Reading in the Brain fascinating. Parents, educators, and anyone else who nurtures the intellectual development of children cannot afford to ignore Dehaene's observations about the best methods for teaching them to read!"

― Dean Falk, author of Finding our Tongues: Mothers, Infants, and the Origins of Language
 

"The complicated partnership of eye and mind that transforms printed symbols into sound, music, and meaning, and gives rise to thought, is the subject of this intriguing study. It's a wondrous journey: like that of stout Cortez, like H.M. Stanley's search for Dr. David Livingstone, like the next stunning probe into outer space."

― Howard Engel, co-author of The Man Who Forgot How to Read
 

"The transparent and automatic feat of reading comprehension disguises an intricate biological effort, ably analyzed in this fascinating study. Drawing on scads of brain-imaging studies, case histories of stroke victims and ingenious cognitive psychology experiments, cognitive neuroscientist Dehaene (The Number Sense) diagrams the neural machinery that translates marks on paper into language, sound and meaning. (...)

This lively, lucid treatise proves once again that Dehaene is one of our most gifted expositors of science; he makes the workings of the mind less mysterious, but no less miraculous."

Publishers Weekly, 8/17/2009
 

Dense with ideas and experiments, but richly rewarding for readers willing to put in the effort.

Kirkus 
 
 
 

Reviews of Reading in the Brain
 

Barnes and Noble Review by Jonah Lehrer:

"Fascinating... By studying the wet stuff inside our head, we can begin to understand why this sentence has this structure, and why this letter, this one right here, has its shape."
 

Scientific American: Your Brain on Books, interview by Gareth Cook

"Neuroscientist Stanislas Dehaene explains his quest to understand how the mind makes sense of written language"
 

Washington Post: Humanity's greatest invention, review by Susan Okie

"In this fascinating and scholarly book, French neuroscientist Stanislas Dehaene explains what scientists now know about how the human brain performs the feat of reading"
 

The Age article: It's offishal ― English iz darned hard to lurn

"a world leader in the science behind reading"
 

A.V. Club Review by Samantha Nelson

"Filled with fascinating information... Requires focus to read, but rewards the effort"
 

ALL ABOUT THIS BOOK: http://pagesperso-orange.fr/readinginthebrain 

SOURCE: http://pagesperso-orange.fr/readinginthebrain/intro.htm 

SOURCE: http://us.penguingroup.com/nf/Book/BookDisplay/0,,9780670021109,00.html 
 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR
 

 

Photo from: www.amazon.com 

 

Stanislas Dehaene is professor at the Collège de France, where he holds the chair of Experimental Cognitive Psychology. He is also the head of the INSERM-CEA Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit at NeuroSpin in Saclay, just south of Paris ― France's most advanced neuroimaging research center. His research investigates the neural bases of human cognitive functions such as reading, calculation and language, with a particular interest for the differences between conscious and non-conscious processing.

Email: dehaene [AT] shfj.cea.fr

Homepage: http://www.unicog.org/main/pages.php?page=Stanislas_Dehaene 

Wikipedia entry: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanislas_Dehaene 

 


 

RELATED BOOKS AND PAPERS 
 

The Number Sense: How the Mind Creates Mathematics 
 
 
 

▷ Dehaene, Stanislas (1997). The Number Sense: How the Mind Creates Mathematics. New York: Oxford University Press.

 
 

 

2009. 11. 28. 토요일. 맑음. 낮 3시 00분. [19:32 입력]

콸리아 / 퀄리아 / qualia


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